We knew all along that, with our greater resources, we could out build Japan and ultimately overwhelm her on sea, on land, and in the air. Check out Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War (February 23rd 1942) by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Amazon Music. From Berlin, Rome, and Tokyo we have been described as a Nation of weaklings- "playboys"—who would hire British soldiers, or Russian soldiers, or Chinese soldiers to do our fighting for us. Delivered on 23 February 1942. On February 23, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt prepared for his first fireside chat since the attack on Pearl Harbor. Patriotic and sensible Americans will reject these absurdities. Washington's Birthday is a most appropriate occasion for us to talk with each other about things as they are today and things as we know they shall be in the future. Japanese troop transports could go south from Japan and from China through the narrow China Sea, which can be protected by Japanese planes throughout its whole length. We fight at these vast distances because that is where our enemies are. In the partnership of our common enterprise, we must share in a unified plan in which all of us must play our several parts, each of us being equally indispensable and dependent one on the other. White House. The maintenance of these vital lines is a very tough job. Control of the air involves the simultaneous use of two types of planes – first, the long-range heavy bomber; and, second, the light bombers, the dive bombers, the torpedo planes, (and) the short-range pursuit planes, all of which are essential to (the) cooperate with and protect(ion) (of) the bases and (of) the bombers themselves. In the partnership of our common enterprise, we must share in a unified plan in which all of us must play our several parts, each of us being equally indispensable and dependent one on the other. It is essential that we help China in her magnificent defense and in her inevitable counteroffensive – for that is one important element in the ultimate defeat of Japan. USH 11:30pm. I tell you that this is not so. Japan in such a case could release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere- South America and Central America, and North America- including Alaska. solved by mediation, conciliation, or arbitration- until the war is won. Fourth, if by such a fatuous policy we ceased to protect the North Atlantic supply line to Britain and to Russia, we would help to cripple the splendid counteroffensive by Russia against the Nazis, and we would help to deprive Britain of essential food supplies and munitions. We must all understand and face the hard fact that our job now is to fight at distances which extend all the way around the globe. 2. The great Chinese people have suffered grievous losses; Chungking has been almost wiped out of existence – yet it remains the capital of an unbeatable China. In March, President Trump declared himself a “wartime President” leading the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic. Let them tell that to General MacArthur and his men. If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. Fireside Chat #20 - On the Progress of the War (February 23, 1942) 36:31: 26 Fireside Chat #21 - On Sacrifice (April 28, 1942) 32:26: 27 Fireside Chat #22 - On Inflation and Food Prices (September 7, 1942) 27:12: 28 Fireside Chat #23 - On the Home Front (October 12, 1942) 28:29: 29 State of the Union Address (January 7, 1943) 47:25: 30 If any dispute arises we shall keep on working while the dispute is solved by mediation, or conciliation or arbitration – until the war is won. With few exceptions, labor, capital, and farming realize that this is no time either to make undue profits or to gain special advantages, one over the other. Ever since this nation became the arsenal of democracy – ever since enactment of Lend-Lease – there has been one persistent theme through all Axis propaganda. Our first job then is to build up production – uninterrupted production – so that the United Nations can maintain control of the seas and attain control of the air – not merely a slight superiority, but an overwhelming superiority. In this battle area, Japan has had an obvious initial advantage. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. We share equally and with equal zeal the anguish and the awful sacrifices of war. But they do not wish to help the enemy any more than our fighting forces do; and they will pay little attention to the rumor-mongers and the poison peddlers in our midst. We must all understand and face the hard fact that our job now is to fight at distances which extend all the way around the globe. On January 6 of this year, I set certain definite goals of production for airplanes, tanks, guns, and ships. Actually, though, we are taking a heavy toll of the enemy every day that goes by. Secondly, if we lost communication with the southwest Pacific, all of that area, including Australia and New Zealand and the Dutch Indies, would fall under Japanese domination. We shall not stop work for a single day. Roosevelt's Fireside Chat, 28 April 1942. (4.) Many questions will, I fear, remain unanswered tonight, but I know you will realize that I cannot cover everything in any one short report to the people. That is the reason why I have asked you to take out and spread before you (the) a map of the whole earth, and to follow with me in the references which I shall make to the world-encircling battle lines of this war. We are calling for new plants and additions – additions to old plants. On February 23, 1942, FDR made a fireside chat on war progress. February 23, 1942: Fireside Chat 20: On the Progress of the War. But they cover a large strategic area. In a sense, every winter was a Valley Forge. In a democracy there is always a solemn pact of truth between Government and the people; but there must also always be a full use of discretion and that word "discretion" applies to the critics of Government ,as well. Fireside Chat by Franklin Roosevelt. There have been times when the fate of London and Moscow was in serious doubt. The Japanese do not know just how many planes they destroyed that day, and I am not going to tell them. We knew that the war as a whole would have to be fought and won by a process of attrition against Japan itself. The broad oceans which have been heralded in the past as our protection from attack have become endless battlefields on which we are constantly being challenged by our enemies. When is he speaking to them? (1.) We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. Look at your map. Approximately 61,365,000 adults tuned in February 23, 1942, for FDR's first fireside chat since the attack on Pearl Harbor, in which he outlined the principal purposes of the war. Look at the vast area of Russia, with its powerful armies and proven military might. Throughout the 13 states there existed fifth columnists – and selfish men, jealous men, fearful men, who proclaimed that Washington's cause was hopeless, and that he should ask for a negotiated peace. We shall give up conveniences and modify the routine of our lives if our country asks us to do so. Until our flow of supplies gives us clear superiority we must keep on striking our enemies wherever and whenever we can meet them, even if, for a while, we have to yield ground. The task that we Americans now face will test us to the uttermost. I ask you to look at your maps again, particularly at that portion of the Pacific Ocean lying west of Hawaii. Report on the Home Front Monday, October 12, 1942 [29:25] WH 24. The defense of the world-wide lines of communication demands – compel relatively safe use by us of the sea and of the air along the various routes; and this, in turn, depends upon control by the United Nations of (the) many strategic bases along those routes. Therefore, these lighter planes have to be packed in crates and sent on board cargo ships. To Doctor's office. But there was never the slightest question that either the British or the Russians would yield. Fireside Chat in Diplomatic Reception Room. The American people expect that much from themselves. 4791 Fireside Chat Franklin Roosevelt. Some of those that were there were hit very slightly, and others that were damaged have either rejoined the Fleet by now or are still undergoing repairs. Follow along as Roosevelt explains the impending battle. Throughout the thirteen states there existed fifth columnists—and selfish men, jealous men, fearful men, who proclaimed that Washington's cause was hopeless, and that he should ask for a negotiated peace. The fireside chats were a series of evening radio addresses given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. We are coming to realize that one extra plane or extra tank or extra gun or extra ship completed tomorrow may, in a few months, turn the tide on some distant battlefield; it may make the difference between life and death for some of our own fighting men. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. On the west, the China side, the Japanese were in possession of the coast of China and the coast of Indo-China which had been yielded to them by the Vichy French. Here are three high purposes for every American: 1. about; search; calendar; timeline; It is the old familiar Axis policy of "divide and conquer.". But let me illustrate what would happen if we followed such foolish advice. Though their homeland was overrun, the Dutch people are still fighting stubbornly and powerfully overseas. On the North are the islands of Japan themselves, reaching down almost to northern Luzon. ...  February 23, 1942 Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War FDR Audio Preview To pass from the realm of rumor and poison to the field of facts: the number of our officers and men killed in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th was 2,340, and the number wounded was 940. For some time President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) had addressed the American people during times of crisis and concern by using a device called "the fireside chat." They have suggested slyly that the government has withheld the truth about casualties – that 11,000 or 12,000 men were killed at Pearl Harbor instead of the figures as officially announced. That means a national unity that can know no limitations of race or creed or selfish politics. On February 28, 1945, FDR returned from his trip to Yalta. We are daily increasing our strength. Who is Roosevelt speaking to? Look too at North America, Central America and South America. Source National Archives. Every Japanese transport sunk off Java is one less transport that they can use to carry reinforcements to their army opposing General MacArthur in Luzon. Radio Address on the 1944 State of the Union Message to Congress They have suggested slyly that the Government has withheld the truth about casualties—that eleven or twelve thousand men were killed at Pearl Harbor instead of the figures as officially announced. And today all the United Nations salute the superb Russian Army as it celebrates the twenty-fourth anniversary of its first assembly. "These are the times that try men's souls." And when those repairs are completed, the ships will be more efficient fighting machines than they were before. Those Americans who believed that we could live under the illusion of isolationism wanted the American eagle to imitate the tactics of the ostrich. The Allies on the Defensive The situation the Allies faced at the start of 1942 was bad - and quickly getting worse. It is a job which requires tremendous daring, tremendous resourcefulness, and, above all, tremendous production of planes and tanks and guns and also of the ships to carry them. (2.) In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. The past, not only in the air but on the North are the times that try men 's.! 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